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Pronunciation guide

English / Islandic / German
Englisch / Islndisch / Deutsch

English / Englisch

Islandic / Islndisch
slensku

German / Deutsch

 

 

 

the most important

 

das Wichtigste

yes

j

ja

no

nei

nein

Please!

Gjru svo vel!
(to one person)
Geri i svo vel!
(to many people)

Bitte!

Thank you!

akka r fyrir!
Takk!

Danke!

Hello!

Hall!

Hallo!

Goodbye!

Bless!

Auf Wiedersehen!

Excuse me! Sorry!

Fyrirgefu!

Entschuldigung!

 

 

 

Who?
(personal pronouns)

 

Wer?
(Personalpronomen)

I

g

ich

you

i, r,

du

he

hann

er

she

hn

sie

it

a

es

we

vr

wir

you

ihr

they

eir (m), r (f), au (n)

sie

 

 

 

Verbs

 

Verben

ask

beia, bija, bja, spyrja

fragen

be

liggja, vera

sein

can

brsi, ds

knnen

come

koma

kommen

do

gera

tun

drink

drekka

trinken

eat

bora, ta

essen

feel

finna til, ykja

fhlen

find

finna, hitta

finden

go

fara, ganga

gehen

have, own

eiga

haben

hear

heyra, hlusta

hren

help

bjarga, hjlpa

helfen

know, recognize  

ekkja

wissen

laugh

hltur, hlja

lachen

learn

frtta, lra

lernen

like

lkindi

mgen

love

elska, unna

lieben

play

leika

spielen

read

lesa

lesen

remember

muna

erinnern (sich)

see

sj

sehen

sleep

sofa

schlafen

smell

lykt, lykta

riechen

smile

bros, brosa

lcheln

speak

varpa

sprechen

taste

bragast

schmecken

tell

segir (tells)

erzhlen

think

hugsa

denken

try

reyna

versuchen

use

nota

benutzen

write

skrifa

schreiben

 

 

 

Questions

 

Fragen

from where?

hvaan?

woher?

how much?

 

wie viel?

how?

hve, hvernig

wie?

what?

hva? hvaa?

was?

when?

hvenr?

wann?

where?

hvar?

wo?

where? whereto?

 

wohin?

which?

 

welche/r?

who?

er, hver, hvor, sem?

wer?

whom?

vi hvern?

wem?

whom?

vi hvern?

wen?

whose?

hvers?

wessen?

why?

af hverju?

warum?

 

 

 

Where?
(statements of place)

 

Wo?
(Ortsangaben)

here

hre

hier

in

in

on

auf

over

yfir

ber

to

a

zu / nach

under

undir

unter

 

 

 

How? (adjektives)

 

Wie? (Adjektive)

big

mikill

gro

clever

duglegur, rskur

klug

cool

svalur

khl

easy

auveldur, gur

einfach

fast

fljtur

schnell

friendly

allegur, vingjarnlegur

freundlich

good

gur

gut

happy

glaur

glcklich

hard

fast, harur

hart

high

hr

hoch

little

ltill, smr

klein

new

nr

neu

slow

hgur

langsam

soft

mjkur

weich

warm

hlr

warm

 

 

 

When? (time data)

 

Wann? (Zeitangaben)

after

eftir

nach

again

aftur

wieder

always

alltaf

immer

before

ur en

bevor

now

nna

jetzt

often

oft

oft

sometimes

 

manchmal

still

enn

noch

then, at that time

dann

time

tmi

Zeit

 

 

 

important words (nouns)

 

wichtige Worte (Nomen)

animal

dr

Tier

book

bk

Buch

child

barn

Kind

compromise

spilla fyrir, stofna httu

Kompromiss

computer

tlva

Computer

dictionary

orabk

Wrterbuch

friend

vinur

Freund, Freundin

fun

gaman, fjr

Spa

future

framt, vtanlegur

Zukunft

human being

mann-, maur

Mensch

hunger

hungur, sultur

Hunger

internet

Internet

Internet

joy

gleii

Freude

love

st

Liebe

past

framhj

Vergangenheit

peace

friur, gri

Frieden

people

flk

Leute

relaxation

slkun

Entspannung

sleep

sofa

Schlaf

sun

sl

Sonne

thing

hlutur

Ding

thirst

dipsia, dipsesis

Durst

toilet, (amerikanisch:) bathroomt

klsetti

Toilette

 

 

 

Miscellaneous

 

Sonstiges

a, an

 

ein, eine

the

 

der, die, das

this

essi

dies

and

og

und

because

vegna

weil

but

en

aber

if

ef

wenn, falls

all

allur

alle, alles

almost

nrri

fast

also

smuleiis, einnig

auch

many

marg/ur

viele

much

hinn, hi

viel

not

ekki

nicht

only

aeins

nur

or

ea

oder

very

mjg

sehr

with

me

mit

 

 

 

Numbers

 

Zahlen

zero

nll

null

one

einn (masculine)
ein (feminine)
eitt (neuter)

eins

two

tveir (masculine)
tvr (feminine) 
tv (neuter)

zwei

three

rr (masculine)
rjr (feminine)
rj (neuter)

drei

four

fjrir (masculine)
fjrar (feminine)
fjgur (neuter)

vier

five

fimm

fnf

six

sex

sechs

seven

sj

sieben

eight

tta

acht

nine

nu

neun

ten

tu

zehn

No responsibility is taken for the correctness of this information.

bersetzung ohne Gewhr.

Pronunciation guide from http://wikitravel.org/en/Icelandic_phrasebook

Although Icelandic looks very formidable with its strange characters "" and "" and many accented vowels, once the basic rules have been learned, pronunciation is fairly straightforward. Note that stress always falls on the first syllable of any word.

 

Vowels

Some vowels in Icelandic can have accent marks which modify the sound of each vowel. Vowels can come in long or short forms. In Icelandic, all vowels can be long or short. Vowels are long when they are in single syllable words, or when they form the penultimate syllable in two syllable words.

A a 

  • (Short) like "a" in "land", (long) like "a" in "car"; or like "ow" in "now" when followed by "ng" or "nk".
  •  
    • Like "ow" in "now".
  • E e 
    • (Short) like "e" in "met", (long) like "ea" in "bear".
  •  
    • Like "ye" in "yes".
  • I i 
    • (Short) like "i" in "bit", (long) same "i" but lengthened; or like "ee" in "meet" when followed by "ng" or "nk".
  •  
    • Like "ee" in "meet".
  • O o 
    • (Short) like "o" in "hot", (long) like "or" in "door".
  •  
    • Like "o" in "snow".
  • U u 
    • (Short) like "u" in "put", (long) the same short "u" but lengthened; or like "oo" in "moon" when followed by "ng" or "nk".
  •  
    • Like "oo" in "moon".
  • Y y 
    • Same as Icelandic "i": (short) like "i" in "bit", (long) same "i" but lengthened; or like "ee" in "meet" when followed by "ng" or "nk".
  •  
    • Same as Icelandic "": like "ee" in "meet".
  •  
    • Like "i" in "mile".
  •  
    • (Short) like "ur" in "fur" but shorter, (long) like "ur" in "fur"; (do not pronouce the "r").

     

    Consonants

    B b 

    • Like "b" in "bed", or like "p" when at word end or following "m".
  • D d 
    • Like "d" in "day", or like "t" when at word end.
  •  
    • Like "th" in "that", (only occurs in word middle and word end).
  • F f 
    • Like "f" in "fish", or like "v" in "van" when between vowels; or when before "l" or "n", like "b" in "bed".
  • G g 
    • Like "g" in "go", or like "k" in "kill" when in word middle; it is lost after "", "", "u" when followed by "a" or "u" in the next syllable or when at word end.
  • H h 
    • Like "h" in "hat", or like "k" when before a consonant; (never silent like "honour").
  • J j 
    • Like "y" in "yes".
  • K k 
    • Like "k" in "kill".
  • L l 
    • Like "l" in "like".
  • M m 
    • Like "m" in "me".
  • N n 
    • Like "n" in "nurse".
  • P p 
    • Like "p" in "push", or like "f" in "far" when before "s", "k", or "t".
  • R r 
    • Rolled, like Scottish "r".
  • S s 
    • Like "s" in "sun"; (never like "z" in "zero").
  • T t 
    • Like "t" in "take".
  • V v 
    • Like "v" in "value".
  • X x 
    • Like "x" in "exit".
  •  
    • Like "th" in "thing".
  •  

    Common diphthongs and letter combinations

    au 

    • Like "ur" in "fur" (do not prononce the r) followed by "ee" in "see" but with no intervening "r" - "u(r)-ee", similar to "oy" in "boy".
  • ei, ey 
    • Like "ay" in "say".
  • gi, gj 
    • Like "gy" in "drag-you" at word start; like "y" in "yes" in word middle or at word end.
  • hv 
    • Like "kv" in "lock vent".
  • kk 
    • Like "chk" in Scottish "Loch Carron".
  • ll 
    • Like "tl" in "settle". Similar to Welsh "ll" (double L) but more aspirated (has more air to it).
  • ng 
    • Like "nk" in "thinker", not "ng" in "finger".
  • nn 
    • Like "dn" in "hard-nosed" when after "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "au", "ei", or "ey"; or like "nn" in "tunnel" after "a", "e", "i", "o", "u", "y" or "".
  • pp 
    • Like "h" and "p" fused together, similar to "hop" without the "o".
  • rl 
    • Like "dl" in "riddle" similar in form to Welsh "ll" (double L) but said harder.
  • rn 
    • Like "dn" in "hard-nosed" when after "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "au", "ei", or "ey".
  • tt 
    • Like "h" and "t" fused together, similar to "hut" without the "u".

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